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Appendix C in "A modular structure for scientific articles in an electronic environment"
Examples of modular articles
- Introduction: modular structure - an overview of our modular model
- Modularised articles - the modularised versions of two related articles.
- Article A05: C.A.L. Delvigne and J. Los, The differential cross section for chemi-ionization in alkali atom--halogen
molecule collisions. Classical interpretation, Physica 59 (1972) 61-76.
- List of all modules contained in the modularised article
- Top of the modularised version
- Pages 61-68 and pages 69-76 of the original version as images.
- Article A08: C.A.L. Delvigne and J. Los, Rainbow, Stueckelberg oscillations and rotational coupling on the differential cross section of Na + I Na+ + I-, Physica 67 (1973) 166-196.
- A set of related mesoscopic and macroscopic modules
- Specific search - accessing particular module as a result of an assumed `specific search'.
- Reading guide - an overview of the features of this demo.
Introduction: modular structure
In the PhD thesis titled A modular structure for scientific articles in an electronic environment (see the summary) we have developed a `modular model' for the creation and evaluation of modular scientific articles. Here, we provide the electronic versions of two `modularised' articles to illustrate our work. We have created this demo using available technology; for an adequate implementation of the modular model more sophisticated tools are needed.
A `modular article' consists of modules and explicit links between them, so that it represents an information network within the network of all published information. See for example this map of contents of a modular article.
A module is a uniquely characterised, self-contained representation of a conceptual information unit, which is aimed at communicating that information. In such a module, similar information is grouped, so that the reader can locate, retrieve and consult it separately, as well as in conjunction with other modules. We determine what is `similar information', and subsequently label the resulting modules, from four complementary points of view. In addition to the traditional domain-oriented and bibliographical characterisation, we have defined different types of information that can be distinguished by the conceptual function and the range of the information:
- Conceptual function, i.e. the role the information plays within the problem-solving process reported in the article: positioning, method, results, interpretation or outcome. This figure gives an overview of the modules that can be distinguished from this point of view.
- Microscopic information belongs only in one particular article. Example: Experimental (A08-m3a)
- Mesoscopic information is used at the level of an entire research project. A mesoscopic module is created for multiple use in several articles issued from the same project. Example: Experimental (MESO-m3a) about the
experimental set-up that has been used in a series of experiments
- macroscopic information transcends even the level of the research project; this type of firmly established information is given in books. Example: Experimental (MACRO-m3a) about the technique in general
- Physics content as expressed traditionally in keywords and other index terms.
- Bibliographic data as traditionally used to identify documents
The coherence of the information is firstly expressed in the composition of modules. An elementary module contains information that cannot be represented in more than one separate module. Elementary modules can be composed into complex modules, which consists of a coherent collection of (elementary or complex) constituent modules and the links between them. The cohesion of the constituent modules in a complex module is made explicit in a `module summary' that, like the abstract at the level of the article as a whole, provides an overview of its components. Example: Interpretation (A08-m5)
Secondly, the coherence of the infomation is expressed in links: uniquely characterised explicit, directed connections (between entire modules or particular segments of modules) that represent one or more different kinds of relevant relations. We distinguish various types of organisational relation (overview) and scientific discourse relations (overview). Each link is characterised by the source and target it connects and by a label specifying the relations it represents and providing, when necessary, additional information. The bibliographical characterisation of the link is left implicit in this demo, as it corresponds to the bibliographical characterisation of the source.
In this demo, we present the modular versions of two published articles on experimental molecular dynamics. The demo includes a set of mesoscopic and macroscopic containing information relevant to both articles, as well as our comments on the modules.
The features of this demo are summarised in the Legenda. You can start at the top of an articles and then consult it sequentially by following one of the sequential paths. You can also consult the article selectively, by pretending to have performed a specific search or by starting from the lists of modules given below. Then, you can browse through the article, following the links, using the navigation menu and the `map of contents' of the article (see the legenda for an overview of the buttons to click to get the navigation menu and the map of contents and to follow the sequential paths).
Annotated table of contents of the modular version of A05
- META-INFORMATION (A05-m1)
- Positioning (A05-m2) (with an indication of overlap and of the amount of text that had to be added or seriously rewritten)
- Situation (A05-m2a) (with an indication of overlap and of the amount of text that had to be added or seriously rewritten)
- Central question (A05-m2b ) (with an indication of overlap and of the amount of text that had to be added or seriously rewritten)
- METHODS (A05-m3)(with an indication of overlap and of the amount of text that had to be added or seriously rewritten)
- RESULTS (A05-m4)
- INTERPRETATION (A05-m5)
- OUTCOME (A05-m6)
Annotated table of contents of the modular version of A08
- META-INFORMATION (A08-m1)
- Positioning (A08-m2)
- METHODS (A08-m3)
- RESULTS (A08-m4)
- INTERPRETATION (A08-m5)
- OUTCOME (A08-m6)
Annotated table of contents of the set of mesoscopic and macroscopic modules
There are partial essay-type path through these modules, as well as as complete path. That complete path simulates a "reader driven path" that has been generated to guide the reader through a set of modules that he has obtained.
- MESO-m2a mesoscopic Positioning module
- MESO-m2a mesoscopic Situation module, embedding the entire research project on experimental molecular dynamics
- MESO-m2b mesoscopic Central problem module, the goals pursued in the research project as a whole
- MESO-m3a mesoscopic Experimental methods module.
- MESO-m3a-Ir: surface ionisation detector. A description of a detector which has been used throughout the research project and which was scattered over several of the original, linear articles.
- MESO-m3a-I: iodine oven. A detailed description of a complicated component of the experimental set-up; for multiple usage.
- MACRO-m3a macroscopic Experimental methods module. A brief overview of molecular beam techniques in general.
- MESO-m3c mesoscopic Theoretical methods module.
- MESO-m3a-mod: the atom-atom model for ion-pair formation in molecular collisions. The full description of the theoretical model that has been used in all subsequent articles to explain the experimental results.
- MESO-m3a-defl: deflection function and differential cross section. The description of the way in which the differential cross section is calculated, via the deflection function, in several articles.
- MESO-m3a-treat: treatment of raw data. General information about the methods to treat the experimental data and present them in standardised figures.
- Macroscopic Theoretical methods modules
- MACRO-m3a-diab: Adiabatic and diabatic states in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation.
- MACRO-m3a-diff: Classical differential cross section. A brief theoretical derivation of the relation between the differential cross section and the deflection function. This relation is used in several articles, and in a mesoscopic module, to calculate the cross section. Textbook material.
- Conceptual function: Experimental
- Physics: Molecular beam techniques
- Range: Mesoscopic
- Conceptual function: Theoretical methods
- Physics: Landau-Zener coupling
- Linked to: any module (characterised with physics: Differential cross section)
- link type: 'article'
- Conceptual function: Findings
- Physics: Differential cross section[chemi-ionisation;alkali atom,halogen molecule;eV range].
- Linked to: Experimental (characterised with physics: Molecular beam techniques)
- link type: 'depends on'
- Conceptual function: Experimental methods
- Physics: Iodine atom, source
- Range: mesoscopic
Next: Appendix: modularisation in other